For elective surgery in public hospitals (or for public patients treated in private hospitals), patients are placed on a waiting list and assigned one of three clinical urgency categories by their treating doctor that indicates when their surgery is required. The categories are:
Note that prior to 2015–16, the definitions were:
S. aureus is a type of bacteria, also known as ‘Golden Staph’. The S. aureus bacteria are frequently found on the skin or in the nose of many individuals and are commonly spread from person to person in the community. In this form, they are usually harmless and most people are unaware that they are carrying these bacteria.
S. aureus bacteria can also cause an infection of the bloodstream after a patient receives medical care or treatment in hospital. Contracting an S. aureus bloodstream infection while in hospital can be serious and can result in death.